The TVPRA was passed in 2000 and greatly increased America’s efforts to protect human trafficking victims, assist survivors, improve prevention methods and successfully prosecute human traffickers. The original legislation made human trafficking a federal crime.
“Human trafficking is the second largest criminal industry in the world and it’s happening here in Utah.” stated Tarbet. “This is a tragedy that we can and must bring to an end.”
According to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, human trafficking generates $32 billion each year and is tied with arms dealing as the second-largest criminal industry in the world. Drug dealing is still the largest criminal industry.
Many victims of human trafficking are forced to work in prostitution or other areas of the sex industry. Trafficking also occurs in forms of labor exploitation, such as domestic servitude, restaurant work, janitorial work, sweatshop factory work and migrant agricultural work.
According to a study by the U.S. Department of Justice, 83 percent of sex trafficking victims identified in the United States were U.S. citizens. The average age U.S. citizens are first used for commercial sex is 12–14.